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Rivers and other wetlands

Wetlands are home to hundreds of species of fish, waterfowl, insects, plants, and other groups

All of the wetlands play an important role in people's lives. In most major cities of Ukraine, drinking and technical water are taken from rivers. All wetlands play an important role in the purification of surface water and replenishment of aquifers, which ultimately provides all residents of Ukraine with such a critical resource as water. They take water for irrigation and work of industry, where they catch fish, relax and so on.
Swamps are important in shaping the local climate. They absorb a large amount of carbon dioxide, canning it for thousands of years in peatlands, instead of releasing oxygen. Swamps are home to many rare species.
There are many threats to the wetlands of Ukraine. These include the construction and regulation of river beds, the creation of dams and reservoirs, drainage of marshes, construction of hydroelectric power stations, pollution by municipal and industrial runoff, pesticides and other agrochemicals that drain from the fields, as well as the grinding and drying of rivers due to climate change.

To preserve and sustainably use rivers and wetlands, the Danube-Carpathian Programme is working in the following areas:

  • research and conservation of wetlands on valuable wetland habitats and Red list species, provide support for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) on wetlands;
  • establishment of protected areas on particularly valuable territories of the wetlands both nationally and internationally;
  • restoration of wetlands and management of river catchments for their sustainable development;
  • protection valuable Carpathian rivers (valuable in terms of biodiversity, conservation status and other ecosystem services) from the construction of small hydroelectric power plants;
  • legal support for public movements to support the protection and sustainable development of river flows, river floodplains, river catchments, river headwaters and access to water for local people;
  • support for the development of eco-education, in particular, the dissemination of information on the importance of maintaining wetlands.